What is Darvon and What Does it Treat
Darvon (propoxyphene) is a controlled substance. It is very similar to morphine and has the potential to be misused. Darvon is prescribed for mild to moderate pain. It comes as a 65 milligram capsule that can be taken by mouth. Darvon is a synthetic opioid, it was created in a lab.
What is a Darvon High Like?
Darvon affects the brain in a similar way to other synthetic opioids. It is not a strong opioid, and when taken by mouth it takes a while for the effects to happen. Those who misuse this drug will crush it and snort it to get a quick euphoric rush. Then they may feel drowsy for several hours.
There are many other side effects of Darvon that are possible:
- Skin rash
- Blurred vision
- Dry mouth
- Loss of appetite
- Sudden changes in mood
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Mixing Darvon With Other Substances
Serious medical problems can happen when some medications and drugs are used at the same time. If a patient sees multiple doctors for different issues, it is very easy for drug interactions to happen. Patients should inform all doctors that could give them medication of what they are already using. This includes any supplements, herbal products, alcohol, or illicit substances.
There is a long list of possible dangerous combinations that go with Darvon. Drugs.com lists 578 drugs that are known to interact negatively with Darvon. Of that number 275 are considered major drug interactions that could be more dangerous.
Darvon and Alcohol
Anyone who is taking Darvon should not use alcohol. This is a very dangerous interaction. Using alcohol, or medications that contain alcohol will increase the side effects of Darvon. The side effects increased are:
- Difficulty concentrating
- Impaired thinking and judgment
- Severe interactions include the possibility of the following:
- Respiratory distress
- Low blood pressure
Can a Person Overdose on Darvon?
It is possible to overdose on Darvon. This is a weaker opioid than heroin or fentanyl. This means someone has to use much more of it to get the high they are expecting. This can easily lead to an overdose. With Darvon, death can happen within the first hour of someone overdosing, a very dangerous situation.
If it is suspected that a person is having a Darvon overdose call 911 immediately. Symptoms of an overdose include:
- Pinpoint pupils
- Hearing loss
- Low blood pressure
- Weak pulse
- Slow, shallow breathing
- Not breathing
- Blue fingernails or lips
- Nausea, vomiting
In addition to accidental overdoses, there have been some cases of intentional overdose. Darvon can increase pre-existing feelings of depression or suicidal thoughts. Darvon should not be used by anyone with a history of suicidal thoughts.
Opioid Use Statistics in the United States
The United States has been in an opioid crisis for a number of years. The 2014 Nation Hospital Care Survey reported a large number of opioid-related emergency department visits and hospitalizations. In 2014 there were 15,495 patients that were seen in an emergency department related to opioid use that were not admitted to the hospital. The same year 24,059 patients were admitted to hospitals because of opioid use.
Almost 500,000 people have died from opioid overdoses from 1999-2019. This number includes prescription opioids and illegal opioids. The CDC says that more than 31,000 deaths in 2018 involved synthetic opioids. There were 70,630 drug overdose deaths in the US in 2019, 70% of those deaths involved an opioid.
Darvon Withdrawal Symptoms
When a person has been using any kind of opioid for a long time, they can become addicted. When they stop using the drug withdrawal symptoms happen. Withdrawal symptoms can vary between types of drugs. Sometimes withdrawal can be dangerous and need medical supervision. Withdrawal symptoms of could Darvon include:
- Muscle aches
- Stomach cramps
- Nausea and vomiting
- Mood changes
- Loss of appetite
Darvon Addiction Treatment Options
If a person has gotten to the place of being addicted to Darvon, they may consider going through a detox program. This does not complete the recovery process. Anyone who has dealt with an addiction needs to get to the reason why they became addicted.
The next step is a rehab program. There are several kinds of rehab programs to choose from. A patient should talk to a professional to decide what the best course of action is for their situation. Some types of rehab programs are:
- Inpatient treatment– Inpatient rehab is the most involved level of care. Patients live full time at the treatment program, sleeping, eating, and doing therapy without leaving the facility. This program is normally twenty-eight days long.
- Partial hospitalization programs- (PHPs) This type of program is the highest level outpatient program. These programs meet five to seven days a week for several hours a day. When the program is finished for the day, the patient returns home. This type of program can be good for someone who is recovering from a strong addiction but does not require twenty-four-hour supervision.
- Intensive Outpatient Programs- This type of outpatient treatment is good for people who need a lot of support but still have family and work commitments. IOPs usually meet three to four times a week for several hours. This allows patients to stay close to their support group.
- Traditional Outpatient Therapy- This is the least restrictive type of therapy. Patients can meet with a counselor once a week to start with depending on the amount of care they need. Outpatient therapy is a good option for someone who has already been through more involved therapy but can still benefit from counseling sessions.
- Sober living homes- A sober living home is a residence for people in recovery with some rules that need to be followed. Residents may be required to pay rent and their own expenses. They must also be part of an outpatient treatment program. The outpatient program does not usually happen at the house. There are no drugs or alcohol allowed at the house and residents may need to do occasional drug tests.
- 12-step programs- These are peer support groups. The most well-known are Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. These groups do not include professional counseling, they are peer-led. They can be very helpful in the recovery process.
Within rehab programs, there are many options for the type of therapy to help someone discover why they were using drugs. Each person’s situation is going to be different. There is not a one size fits all answer to addiction. Some types of therapy include:
- Individual Counseling- This type of counseling pairs the patient with a therapist. The therapist’s job is to ask the patient questions to help them understand themselves better. They also can make suggestions about what could be helpful to each individual.
- Art Therapy- Art therapy can help a person express emotions that they may not have the words for. Creating artwork can also be a distraction when someone may have a craving for the drug they have quit using. Patients do not need art experience or talent for this kind of therapy to be helpful.
- Experiential Therapy– Experiential therapy tries to bring out deep inner lying problems through events other than standard talk therapy. This works by engaging in activities to bring out emotions that could be attached to subconscious issues. There are a variety of activities that could be used, and it depends on what might work for each individual patient. Activities can include but are not limited to creating art such as painting or sculpting, listening to music or writing songs, hiking, dancing, role-playing, horseback riding.
- Group therapy- Group therapy can be extremely beneficial. It provides the opportunity to learn from the experiences of others facing the same issues. It creates the opportunity for lifelong friendships and support.
- Cognitive-behavioral therapy- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps patients recognize their negative thought patterns, stop the thoughts, and replace them with healthy thoughts. This focuses on the present rather than on memories and the past.
- Dialectical Behavioral therapy- Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) helps an individual manage strong emotions or stressful situations in a healthy way. DBT was originally created to help those with borderline personality disorder. DBT can include one on one therapy, group therapy, and coaching over the phone.
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More Information About Darvon Addiction Treatment Options
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- RxList: https://www.rxlist.com/darvon-drug.htm
- Department of Justice / Drug Enforcement Administration: https://www.dea.gov/sites/default/files/2020-06/Synthetic%20Opioids-2020.pdf
- Medicine Net: https://www.medicinenet.com/dangers_of_mixing_medications/views.htm
- Drugs.com: https://www.drugs.com/drug-interactions/propoxyphene,darvon.html
- Drugs.com: https://www.drugs.com/food-interactions/propoxyphene,darvon.html
- Medicine Net: https://www.medicinenet.com/propoxyphene/article.htm
- MedlinePlus: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002537.htm
- Drugs.com: https://www.drugs.com/pro/darvon.html
- National Library of Medicine: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32600515/
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/opioids/data/analysis-resources.html
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/deaths/synthetic/index.html
- NCBI: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK310652/
- National Library of Medicine: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10106610/
- Alcoholics Anonymous: https://www.aa.org/
- Narcotics Anonymous: https://www.na.org/
- National Library of Medicine: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23616296/
- US National Library of Medicine: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2963469/